Kent_and_Randy.jpg
FAA Administrator Randy Babbitt (L), Kent (R)
AVIATION PATHFINDER
by Kent B. Lewis,
2009 National FAASTeam Representative of the Year

SCOPE:
This pathfinder is designed to help academic library users locate general sources of information on the subject of aviation, as well as more narrow resources on the subject. Materials are evaluated for currency, authoritativeness, relevance, scope and usefulness. Pathfinder resources will include indexes and abstracts, subject encyclopedias, databases, directories, dictionaries, almanacs, handbooks, biographical resources, bibliographies, association information, journals, government regulations and web resources. Also included will be information on creating successful search strategies and custom search engines that focus on aviation resources.
Check with your local public or academic library for free database access!



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS (LC) CLASSIFICATION
Aviation and aerospace materials can primarily be found under:
Technology Subclass TL call numbers:
TL 500-777 Aeronautics and Aeronautical engineering
TL 780-785.8 Rocket Propulsion. Rockets
TL 787-4050 Astronautics. Space Travel
Military Science Subclass call numbers:
UG Military engineering. Air Forces
Naval Science Subclass call numbers:
V Naval Science. General

DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM
Aviation and aerospace materials can primarily be found under:
387.7 Aviation
387.73 Aircraft
520 Outer Space
533.62 Aerodynamics


ALMANACS, YEARBOOKS AND HANDBOOKS
General
Funk And Wagnall’s World Almanac and Book of Facts

The World Almanac and Book of Facts includes facts and statistics and on U.S. cities and States, as well as Nations of the World. It is a useful desktop reference that contains information current through each year and cut off at the end of the World Series or November election. The print version has a general index, a quick reference index, and a quick thumb index. Some of the focus areas are science and technology, sports and arts and entertainment.

World Almanac. Texas Woman’s University. 30 Oct. 2010
<http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>.

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The Aviation and Aerospace Almanac
The Aviation and Aerospace Almanac contains over 1000 pages of facts and figures relating to the aviation and aerospace industries. The almanac contains tables, numbers, names and other data and is a key reference for legislative entities. Overall there are more than one million records in the almanac that highlight facts from domestic and international airlines, general aviation profiles and sales forecasts, airports information, Department of Transportation budget, Federal Aviation Administration directory, Department of Defense information and information from other special interest groups. The publisher is McGraw Hill and the material is available in print.

The Aviation & Aerospace Almanac. Washington, D.C: Aviation Week Group Newsletters, McGraw-Hill, 1993. Print.

ASSOCIATIONS & SOCIETIES
General
American Association for the Advancement of Science
" AAAS -- the American Association for the Advancement of Science -- is Science's publisher, and a leading voice for the interests of scientists worldwide. Founded in 1848, the association is the world's largest general-science society; through its primary membership and its affiliations with some 262 scientific societies and academies, it serves 10 million individuals. The organization's mission, simply stated, is to "advance science and serve society", through annual meetings, public outreach, activities to boost international scientific cooperation and sustainable development, policy advocacy, educational programs, press relations, and efforts to boost the public understanding of -- and appreciation of -- the scientific enterprise."

"About AAAS." Science. Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.sciencemag.org/site/help/about/about.xhtml#section_about-aaas>.


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Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA)
AOPA is a non-profit association that serves the information needs of over 650,000 pilots and mechanics around the world. The main mission of AOPA is to keep general aviation safe, fun and affordable. AOPA has an excellent website and monthly magazine as well as offering a wide array of services to general aviation pilots. AOPA is the largest aviation association in the world. AOPA offers both print and electronic resources.

"Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA)." 2010. Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.aopa.org/info/history.html>.

**Association of Aviation Psychologists**
"The Association for Aviation Psychology (AAP) is a non-profit professional organization, founded in 1964. Our purpose is to promote aviation psychology and related aerospace disciplines".

"Association of Aviation Psychologists." 2010. Web. Dec 7, 2010 <http://www.avpsych.org/>.

Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
The Society's mission is to promote the discovery and exchange of knowledge concerning the characteristics of human beings that are applicable to the design of systems and devices of all kinds. The Society furthers serious consideration of knowledge about the assignment of appropriate functions for humans and machines, whether people serve as operators, maintainers, or users in the system. The Society was founded in 1957. It has 23 technical groups and numerous local and student chapters.

"Human Factors and Ergonomics Society." 2010. Web. Dec 7, 2010 <http://www.hfes.org/web/Default.aspx>

BIBLIOGRAPHIES
General
Books In Print
Books in Print (BIP) is a database published by Bowker and offers information on in-print titles. This information is helpful in providing information necessary to purchase titles, and includes, but is not limited to a table of contents, title/author/publisher searching, an index, full title descriptions, browsing by subject, and direct ordering. The bibliography includes information on millions of books, audio and video materials, both in print and out of print. BIP has been published for 135 years.

Books In Print. Bowker. Texas Woman’s University. 23 Oct. 2010. Web. Oct. Nov. 2010. <http://ezproxy.twu.edu:2391/bip/>.

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WorldCat (Subject List: Aviation)
This site is available through libraries and allows users to search libraries all over the world for books, journals, videos, etc. The materials can then be obtained through interlibrary loan. WorldCat also allows users to create bibliographies, or lists, of subject materials. This bibliography can be invaluable when searching for books on aviation history, safety and general aviation related materials, as it is possible to look for lists and materials by specific subject areas. The bibliographies are available electronically and the materials may be accessed via the internet or through libraries.

Lewis, Kent B. "Aviation Safety." WorldCat. Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.worldcat.org/profiles/kentblair/lists/2072956>.

BIOGRAPHIES
General
American National Biography
"Over 10 years in the making, American National Biography is a fascinating study of the people who have shaped the United States. Numbering 24 volumes and containing 17,500 entries, the work offers readable, informative, and critical biographies for each subject, the location of their papers (if they exist), and selective bibliographies. Excellent indexes--subject, contributor, place of birth, and occupation--enhance use. This is an outstanding set that will be heavily consulted for many years to come."--"Outstanding reference sources 2000", American Libraries, May 2000. Comp. by the Reference Sources Committee, RUSA, ALA. Available in print.
Garraty, John A, and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.

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American Men & Women of Science: A Biographical Directory of Today's Leaders in Physical, Biological, and Related Sciences
This source has been published since 1906 and has biographical information on over 300,000 distinguished scientists in North America (Bopp and Smith 390). The directory is updated annually and it provides both personal and professional information. The purpose of this source is to assist scientists in locating information on their colleagues and learning about their fields of expertise and accomplishments.

American Men and Women of Science: The Physical and Biological Sciences. New York: Bowker, 1971. Print.

DATABASES
General
Academic Search Complete
Academic Search™ Complete is the world's most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 7,900 full-text periodicals, including more than 6,800 peer-reviewed journals. In addition to full text, this database offers indexing and abstracts for more than 11,900 journals and a total of more than 12,600 publications including monographs, reports, conference proceedings, etc. Provided by EBSCO Host and available through local libraries and library websites.

"Academic Search Complete." 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>.

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) Database Online
NASA maintains this Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) database for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in accordance with the provisions of Federal Aviation Regulation 91.25. The ASRS database is the world's largest repository of voluntary, confidential safety information provided by aviation's frontline personnel, including pilots, controllers, mechanics, flight attendants, and dispatchers. The database provides a foundation for specific products and subsequent research addressing a variety of aviation safety issues.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) Database Online. Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://asrs.arc.nasa.gov/search/database.html>

DICTIONARIES
General
Webster"s II New College Dictionary
Contains over 200,000 definitions and over 5,000 new words with concise vocabulary. The College edition has a special emphasis on science, technology, engineering, sociology, medicine and math. It also has a style manual, line drawings, calendars, tables, a list of colleges and a thumb index. Published in Boston by Houghton Mifflin, available in print and electronic media.
Webster's II New College Dictionary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1995. Print.

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Aviation Dictionary
The Aviation industry is full of acronyms and highly technical language. AviationDictionary.org presents you here with a great collection of aviation dictionaries to furnish you with an essential guide to the aviation terminology. Apart from aviation terms, phrases and jargons, this collection of aviation dictionaries brings you detailed and relevant information on airport codes and names, technical and mechanical data on aircrafts; a journey through time with historical information on the aviation industry during the WWI and WWII, beautiful aircraft illustrations, and much more. This resource is available electronically.
"Aviation Dictionary." Aviation Dictionary. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.aviationdictionary.org/>.

DIRECTORIES
General
Directory of Special Libraries and Information Centers
A guide to special libraries, research libraries, information centers, archives, and data centers maintained by government agencies, business, industry, newspapers, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, and societies in the field of science and engineering, medicine, law, art, religion, the social sciences and humanities. The 33rd ed. (2007) lists more than 35,000 special libraries worldwide. Provides address, phone and fax numbers, contact person, e-mail address, URL, and founding date, plus brief information on collections, staffing, and services. Also available as an e-book. Published by Gale, a part of Cengage Learning.

Guide to Reference. American Library Association. Texas Woman’s University. 2010. Web. 14 Oct 2010. <http://online.twu.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_22_1>.

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Google Aviation Directory
Google has a searchable directory that is based on the open directory project, which combines with a PageRank algorithm within each category to return records. The Google directory for aviation returns 31,400 web pages, has a definition link for aviation and also contains sponsored links. The resource is available via the internet.

"Google Aviation Directory." Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&safe=off&cat=gwd%2FTop&q=aviation&btnG=Search>.

ENCYCLOPEDIAS
General
The McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology
"A major revision of this classic encyclopedia covering all areas of science and technology, the McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Sixth Edition, is prepared for students, professionals, and general readers seeking concise yet authoritative overviews of topics in all major fields in science and technology" (Amazon 2010). Contains 7100 articles and indexes over 20,000 entries. Available in print and electronic media.

The McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1998. Print.

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The Pilot’s Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge
"The Federal Aviation Administration's 'Pilot's Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge' provides extensive, information rich guidance to pilots of aircraft at all levels. Using hundreds of illustrations to aid with the information, in details and explains the piloting experience, including: Aircraft structure ; Principles of aerodynamics ; Flight controls and instruments ; Aircraft systems ; Flight manuals and documentation ; Weight and balance ; Aircraft performance ; Weather information ; Navigation '' Airport operations ; And much more. Using illustrations, charts, diagrams, and maps, the 'Pilot's Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge' supplies a need source of reference material for every pilot--from new student to professional". The publisher is the Government Printing Office and the material authors are from the Federal Aviation Administration

Pilot's Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge. Oklahoma City, OK: Federal Aviation Administration, 2007. Print.

GOVERNMENT RESOURCES
General
Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
The Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (E-CFR) "is a current, daily updated version of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)." The Office of Federal Register maintains this site and the links to the current database of regulations and amendments, specifically Title 14 Aeronautics and Space regulations.
This database would be important to a community that is conducting research, as grant proposals for projects and environmental safety and health considerations rely heavily on knowledge of current federal regulations. The publisher is the Government Printing Office, and this is an electronic and print resource.

GPO Access. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr>

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Federal Aviation Administration
The FAA's mission is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world. The website provides information pilots, maintenance technicians, air traffic controllers and airport operators, as wel as information to a variety of other users of the system. There is also a section on data and research as well as regulations and policies. The resource is available on the internet.
"Federal Aviation Administration." Federal Aviation Administration. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.faa.gov/>.

INDEXES AND ABSTRACTS
General
Book Review Digest Plus
Book Review Digest Plus provides citation and excerpts of book reviews from over 110 periodicals, of books published in the United States or Canada. Books must have received at least two reviews. Reviews are listed by the author’s last name and the citation includes the publisher, publication year, pages, language of document, ISBN, accession number and review. Book Review Digest Plus has been published since 1905 and has coverage back to 1983 in the Wilson Web databases.

Book Review Digest Plus. Texas Woman’s University. 6 Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>

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Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) //Sport Aviation// Index
EAA provides an internet based index of 60 years of their premier magazine Sport Aviation. It contains general information, performance graphs, mailing list information, newsletters and reference information for experimental aircraft builders. " EAA is a growing and diverse organization of members with a wide range of aviation interests and backgrounds. EAA was founded in 1953 by a group of individuals in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, who were interested in building their own airplanes. Through the decades, the organization expanded its mission to include antiques, classics, warbirds, aerobatic aircraft, ultralights, helicopters, and contemporary manufactured aircraft." The index is available in print and on the internet.
EAA's Sport Aviation Index. Mt. Pleasant, MI: EAA, 1953. Print.

JOURNALS
General
Science
"Founded in 1880 on $10,000 of seed money from the American inventor Thomas Edison, Science has grown to become the world's leading outlet for scientific news, commentary, and cutting-edge research, with the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed general-science journal. Through its print and online incarnations, Science reaches an estimated worldwide readership of more than one million." Available in print and electronic media.
Michels, John. Science. New York, N.Y: s.n., 1880. Print.

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Smithsonian
Smithsonian magazine is a monthly publication that provides information on history, science, nature, people, places and art as preserved in the Museums of the Smithsonian Institution. The magazine and website contain a large number of pictures and videos. The Institution was created to share knowledge and preserve the history of America's cultural resources. The magazine is published by the Smithsonian Associates and is available in print and electronic media.
Smithsonian. Washington: Smithsonian Associates, 1970. Print.

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Aerosafety World
Aerosafety World is a journal put out by the Flight Safety Foundation, a 50 year old research, education and advocacy consortium that is comprised of 1200 organizations in 150 countries. Aerosafety World is available in both print and electronic media.

Aerosafety World. Alexandria, VA: Flight Safety Foundation, 2007. Print and Internet resource.

Air and Space/Smithsonian
Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine has been delighting aerospace enthusiasts with the best writing about their favorite subject since April 1986. As an adjunct of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum, Air & Space matches the grand scope of the Museum, encompassing every era of aviation and space exploration. With stories that range from the Wright Brothers to the design of NASA's next lunar lander, Air & Space emphasizes the human stories as well as the technology of aviation and spaceflight.

Air and Space/Smithsonian. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, 1986-. Print and Internet resource.

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
"The peer-reviewed monthly journal, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine (ASEM) provides contact with physicians, life scientists, bioengineers, and medical specialists working in both basic medical research and in its clinical applications. It is the most used and cited journal in its field.

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. Louisville, KY: Aerospace Medical Association, 1976-. Print and Internet Resource.

International Journal of Aviation Psychology
"The primary goal of this journal is the publication of scholarly papers developed within this increasingly important field of study--the development and management of safe, effective aviation systems from the standpoint of the human operators. Four divergent academic disciplines contribute heavily to its contents, making it truly interdisciplinary in nature and scope. These fields are engineering and computer science, psychology, education, and physiology. Published by Taylor & Francis.

International Journal of Aviation Psychology. Philiadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis, 2010. Print and Internet Resource.


SEARCH ENGINES (Search tips)
General
Google (Advanced)
This powerful search engine can search millions of webpages in a very short time. Precision can be improved when searching for aviation subjects by using the advanced search feature and limiting results to government (.gov) and educational websites (.edu), and file types to powerpoint (.ppt). By doing so information literacy will improve and records will provide concise information.
"Google Advanced Search." Google. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.google.com/search?q=aviation+filetype%3Appt+site%3A.gov&hl=en&num=10&lr=&ft=i&cr=&safe=images>.

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Signal Charlie AvSafe Custom Search Engine
This search engine was developed by the owner of the wikispace Signal Charlie, a MLS student at TWU, in 2009. The search results are limited to records that are retrieved from known good aviation related websites that were added to the search engine url list. The focus areas are safety management systems and human factors in the aviation domain. By limiting the search to a small list of reputable websites, better precision results.
"Aviation Safety Search Engine." Google Custom Search. 2010.Web. <http://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=016087819743444000582:ibvurlv1mtk>.

WEB RESOURCES
General
Internet Public Library
"Ipl2 is a public service organization and a learning/teaching environment. To date, thousands of students and volunteer library and information science professionals have been involved in answering reference questions for our Ask an ipl2 Librarian service and in designing, building, creating and maintaining the ipl2's collections. In January 2010, the website "ipl2: information you can trust" was launched, merging the collections of resources from the Internet Public Library (IPL) and the Librarians' Internet Index (LII) websites. The site is hosted by Drexel University's College of Information Science & Technology, and a consortium of colleges and universities with programs in information science are involved in developing and maintaining the ipl2. The resource is available on the internet.

"Internet Public Library." IPL2. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.ipl.org/>.

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Aviation Safety Network (ASN)
ASN provides latest news and accident database update via email. Only fatal civil aircraft accidents, concerning aircraft capable of carrying 14+ passengers are covered. ASN is published by the Flight Safety Foundation and is available electronically on the internet.

Aviation Safety Network (ASN) Mailing List: News Flash and Accident Database. Flight Safety Foundation. Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://aviation-safety.net/digest/>

SKYbrary
SKYbrary is a web 2.0 resource wiki that aviation safety professionals can contribute to, as well as search for and retrieve aviation safety materials. The authoritative site owner is EUROCONTROL, the European Air Traffic Management consortium. Major site sponsors include the Flight Safety Foundation and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). SKYbrary is published electronically by EUROCONTROL and available on the internet.
SKYbrary. EUROCONTROL. Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010 <http://www.skybrary.aero/landingpage/>.

Tarrant County College Aviation LibGuide (ETA Dec. 2010)

The Tarrant County College Northwest Campus is the home of the largest Aviation Maintenance Technicin program in the United States. In the Fall of 2010 Airline Transport Pilot and Master of Library Science candidate Kent Lewis collaborated with the Reference Librarians at the Walsh Library to develop an Aviation LibGuide that will support the campus students and internet community. The focus is first year college students. The resource should be available on the internet in Decemebr 2010.
"LibGuides Subject: Aviation." Tarrant County College. 2010.Web. Nov 15, 2010 <http://libguides.tccd.edu/content.php?pid=125614>.

United Nations System Pathfinder

The purpose of this Pathfinder is to identify major publications of the organizations comprising the United Nations system. Materials were selected with a view to currency, relevance and usefulness. Global studies and reports, handbooks and guides, bibliographies and indices, international statistical publications, compilations of treaties, resolutions and documents as well as annual reports of UN bodies and specialized agencies are included. Some standard reference works published outside of the UN system are also featured in the section "The United Nations and international organizations".

"United Nations System Pathfinder." United Nations. 2010. Web. Dec 6, 2010 <http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/pathfind/frame/start.htm>

WORKS CITED
"About AAAS." Science. Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.sciencemag.org/site/help/about/about.xhtml#section_about-aaas>.

"Academic Search Complete." 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>.

Aerosafety World. Alexandria, VA: Flight Safety Foundation, 2007. Print and Internet resource.

"Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA)." 2010. Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.aopa.org/info/history.html>.

American Men and Women of Science: The Physical and Biological Sciences. New York: Bowker, 1971. Print.

"Aviation Dictionary." Aviation Dictionary. 2010. Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.aviationdictionary.org/>.

Aviation Safety. Riverside, Conn: Belvoir Publications, 1981. Internet resource.

"Aviation Safety Search Engine." Google Custom Search. 2010.Web. <http://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=016087819743444000582:ibvurlv1mtk>.

Aviation Safety Network (ASN) Mailing List: News Flash and Accident Database. Flight Safety Foundation. Nov. 2010. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://aviation-safety.net/digest/>.

“Aviation Safety Search Engine.” Signal Charlie. Nov 15, 2010 2010. Web. Nov 15, 2010 <__http://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=016087819743444000582:ibvurlv1mtk__>.

Aviation Week & Space Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960. Print.

Books In Print. Bowker. Texas Woman’s University. 2010. Web. 23 Oct. 2010 <http://ezproxy.twu.edu:2391/bip/>.

Book Review Digest Plus. Texas Woman’s University. 2010. Web. 6 Nov. 2010
<http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>.

Bopp, Richard E., and Linda C. Smith. Reference and Information Services. 3rd ed. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2001. Print.

Delta 777. 2008. Photograph. Delta Air Lines, Atlanta. 28 Nov. 2010.

EAA's Sport Aviation Index. Mt. Pleasant, MI: EAA, 1953. Print.

"Federal Aviation Administration." Federal Aviation Administration. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.faa.gov/>.

Garraty, John A, and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.

"Google Advanced Search." Google. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.google.com/search?q=aviation+filetype%3Appt+site%3A.gov&hl=en&num=10&lr=&ft=i&cr=&safe=images>.

"Google Aviation Directory." Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&safe=off&cat=gwd%2FTop&q=aviation&btnG=Search>.

Guide to Reference. American Library Association. Texas Woman’s University. 2010. Web. 14 Oct 2010. <http://online.twu.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_22_1>.

International Journal of Aviation Psychology. Philiadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis, 2010. Print and Internet Resource.

"Internet Public Library." IPL2. 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.ipl.org/>.

ISASI Forum. Sterling, Va: ISASI, 1997. Print.

Lewis, Kent B. "Aviation Safety." WorldCat. Nov 28, 2010 2010.Web. Nov 28, 2010 <http://www.worldcat.org/profiles/kentblair/lists/2072956>.

Lewis, Kent B. 2010. Photographs. Fort Worth, TX. 28 Nov. 2010.

"LibGuides Subject: Aviation." Tarrant County College. 2010.Web. Nov 15, 2010 <http://libguides.tccd.edu/cat.php?cid=17421>.

Michels, John. Science. New York, N.Y: s.n., 1880. Print.Bottom of Form

Pilot's Encyclopedia of Aeronautical Knowledge. Oklahoma City, OK: Federal Aviation Administration, 2007. Print.

SKYbrary. EUROCONTROL. Nov. 2010. Web. 15 Nov. 2010 <http://www.skybrary.aero/landingpage/>.

Smithsonian. Washington: Smithsonian Associates, 1970. Print.

Webster's II New College Dictionary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1995. Print.

World Almanac. Texas Woman’s University. 30 Oct. 2010 < http://twu.edu/library/databases.asp>.